If you are receiving the below error:
‘Microsoft Exchange Writer State Failed’ when running ‘vssadmin List Writers’ on your mail server within a command prompt.
or if your symantec backup exec is failing with the error below:
‘The VSS writer failed, but the operation can be retired. Failed during prepare snapshot operation when backing up your exchange mail stores.’
Restart the mail server or restart the information store, this should clear the issue.
Type VSSADMIN LIST WRITERS on your mail server and you should find the error has disappeared and your backup should run as normal.
If the issue continues after the reboot, try the below URL which has been tested on Windows 2008 and 2008 R2. Someone has mentioned testing it on Windows 2003 and successfuly got through it.
Please read the below notes carefully.
* VSS FIX tested on 2008 and 2008R2 servers. Please ensure you have a backup before going ahead with this.
* Copy the below commands in the same format to a notepad and save it as .bat file. Run the bat file to fix VSS writer issues. Requires elevation so right click and run as administrator.
* The bat file will re register all the VSS dlls listed below
* Has been tested on Windows 2008 and Windows 2008 R2 servers.
* After this, Run command VSSADMIN LIST WRITERS
* Check if System writer is listed. If System writer is not listed run the next set of commands.
net stop “System Event Notification Service”
net stop “Background Intelligent Transfer Service”
net stop “COM+ Event System”
net stop “Microsoft Software Shadow Copy Provider”
net stop “Volume Shadow Copy”
cd /d %windir%\system32
net stop vss
net stop swprv
regsvr32 /s ATL.DLL
regsvr32 /s comsvcs.DLL
regsvr32 /s credui.DLL
regsvr32 /s CRYPTNET.DLL
regsvr32 /s CRYPTUI.DLL
regsvr32 /s dhcpqec.DLL
regsvr32 /s dssenh.DLL
regsvr32 /s eapqec.DLL
regsvr32 /s esscli.DLL
regsvr32 /s FastProx.DLL
regsvr32 /s FirewallAPI.DLL
regsvr32 /s kmsvc.DLL
regsvr32 /s lsmproxy.DLL
regsvr32 /s MSCTF.DLL
regsvr32 /s msi.DLL
regsvr32 /s msxml3.DLL
regsvr32 /s ncprov.DLL
regsvr32 /s ole32.DLL
regsvr32 /s OLEACC.DLL
regsvr32 /s OLEAUT32.DLL
regsvr32 /s PROPSYS.DLL
regsvr32 /s QAgent.DLL
regsvr32 /s qagentrt.DLL
regsvr32 /s QUtil.DLL
regsvr32 /s raschap.DLL
regsvr32 /s RASQEC.DLL
regsvr32 /s rastls.DLL
regsvr32 /s repdrvfs.DLL
regsvr32 /s RPCRT4.DLL
regsvr32 /s rsaenh.DLL
regsvr32 /s SHELL32.DLL
regsvr32 /s shsvcs.DLL
regsvr32 /s /i swprv.DLL
regsvr32 /s tschannel.DLL
regsvr32 /s USERENV.DLL
regsvr32 /s vss_ps.DLL
regsvr32 /s wbemcons.DLL
regsvr32 /s wbemcore.DLL
regsvr32 /s wbemess.DLL
regsvr32 /s wbemsvc.DLL
regsvr32 /s WINHTTP.DLL
regsvr32 /s WINTRUST.DLL
regsvr32 /s wmiprvsd.DLL
regsvr32 /s wmisvc.DLL
regsvr32 /s wmiutils.DLL
regsvr32 /s wuaueng.DLL
net start “COM+ Event System”
If System writer is not listed when you check for the writers, run the below commands with elevated command prompt or you can create another bat file and run:
Takeown /f %windir%\winsxs\temp\PendingRenames /a
icacls %windir%\winsxs\temp\PendingRenames /grant “NT AUTHORITY\SYSTEM:(RX)”
icacls %windir%\winsxs\temp\PendingRenames /grant “NT Service\trustedinstaller:(F)”
icacls %windir%\winsxs\temp\PendingRenames /grant BUILTIN\Users:(RX)
Takeown /f %windir%\winsxs\filemaps\* /a
icacls %windir%\winsxs\filemaps\*.* /grant “NT AUTHORITY\SYSTEM:(RX)”
icacls %windir%\winsxs\filemaps\*.* /grant “NT Service\trustedinstaller:(F)”
icacls %windir%\winsxs\filemaps\*.* /grant BUILTIN\Users:(RX)
net stop cryptsvc
net start cryptsvc
Please ensure you have a recent backup of your server before going ahead with such changes. Always good to be on the safe side.